Hatch, New Mexico is a small town located in the southern part of the state. Known as the ‘Chile Capital of the World’, Hatch is famous for its unique and flavorful green chilies. The town’s climate, with its warm days and cool nights, provides the perfect conditions for growing these spicy peppers.

Further, the culinary world holds Hatch green chili in high regard due to its exceptional taste and versatility. Moreover, chefs and home cooks alike seek out these chilies to add a distinctive flavor to their dishes. Whether you’re a chili aficionado or someone curious about this culinary gem, here are seven things you need to know about Hatch chiles.

1.   History of Hatch Green Chili

A. Origins and Early Cultivation of Green Chili Hatch New Mexico

The history of hatch green chili dates back hundreds of years. It is believed that the chilies were first cultivated by the Native American tribes in the Hatch Valley. Also, the fertile soil and favorable climate in the region allowed the chilies to thrive.

B. Rise to popularity in New Mexican cuisine

Hatch green chili quickly became a staple in New Mexican cuisine. Moreover, the unique flavor and heat level of the chilies perfectly complements traditional cuisines such as enchiladas, tamales, and green chili stew. Further, the locals embraced the chilies, and they soon became a defining element of their culinary identity.

C. Nationwide recognition and demand for green chilies in Hatch New Mexico

In recent years, Hatch chilies have gained nationwide recognition and popularity. Their rich flavor and medium heat level have made them a favorite among chefs and food enthusiasts across the United States. Also today, you can find them featured in various:

  • Authentic regional dishes
  • International cuisines

2.   Characteristics of Hatch Green Chili

A. Heat level and Scoville rating

Hatch chilies are known for their moderate heat level, ranging from mild to medium. The Scoville rating, which measures the spiciness of peppers, typically falls between 1,000 to 8,000 Scoville Heat Units (SHU). It makes Hatch New Mexico native chillis more suitable for those who enjoy a bit of heat without overwhelming their taste buds.

B. Flavor profile and taste

Moreover, the flavor of the Hatch green chili is often described as earthy, slightly sweet, and tangy. Also, they have a unique taste that sets them apart from other chili varieties. When roasted, the peppers develop a smoky and slightly charred flavor, refining their overall taste.

C. Versatility in different dishes

Additionally, one of the reasons these chilies are highly sought after is their adaptability in various dishes. They can be added to:

  • Salsas
  • Sauces
  • Soups
  • Stews
  • Even desserts

Whether you’re adding them to a spicy chili con carne or incorporating them into a creamy green chili cheese dip, the possibilities are endless.

3.   Cultivation and Harvesting of Green Chilies

A. Ideal growing conditions

Hatch green chili thrives in the unique climate of Hatch, New Mexico. The region’s hot summers and cool nights create the perfect environment for the chilies to develop their flavor and heat. The soil in the Hatch Valley is packed with minerals, providing the necessary nutrients for the chilies to grow.

B. Planting techniques and cultivation process

The cultivation of these peppers requires:

  • Careful planning
  • Meticulous techniques

Farmers in Hatch, New Mexico start by:

  • Selecting the best chili seeds
  • Nurturing seeds in greenhouses

Once the seedlings are strong enough, they are transplanted to the fields, where they continue to grow under the watchful eye of the farmers.

C. Labor-intensive nature of the harvest

Harvesting Hatch New Mexico green chilies is a labor-intensive process. The chilies are typically hand-picked to ensure that only the ripest and highest-quality ones are selected. Plus, due to their delicate nature, they must be harvested by skilled workers who can keenly handle the peppers without damaging them.

4.   Roasting Hatch Green Chilies

A. Traditional roasting methods

Roasting is a popular method of preparing Hatch peppers. Traditionally, these are roasted over an open flame until the skin becomes charred and blistered. Also, this process imparts a smoky taste and allows the skin to be easily removed.

B. Impact of roasting on flavor and texture

Roasting enhances the flavor and texture too. Moreover, the heat from the roasting process intensifies the natural sweetness of the chilies while adding a subtle smokiness. Besides , the charred skin is peeled away, revealing the tender flesh beneath, which is perfect for diverse culinary applications.

C. How to roast Hatch New Mexico chilies at home

At home, roasting is a simple and rewarding process. You can either roast them directly over a gas stove flame or broil them in the oven until the skin is blistered. Once roasted, place the peppers in a sealed plastic bag to steam for a few minutes. This will make it easier to remove the skin. In last, after peeling, you can chop, dice, or use the roasted chilies as needed.

5.   Culinary Uses of Hatch New Mexico Chilies

A. Popular dishes and recipes

Further, hatch chilies are a key ingredient in many traditional New Mexican dishes. They are commonly found valuable in dishes such as green chili stew, enchiladas, and chile rellenos. The chilies bring a delicious flavor and mild heat that elevates these dishes to another level.

B. Salsas, sauces, stews, and other applications

These peppers are commonly suitable for:

  • Flavorful salsas
  • Spicy sauces
  • Hearty stews

Moreover, their versatility allows them to be incorporated into every cuisine for a unique twist to familiar recipes.

C. Creative ways to incorporate Hatch New Mexico chili

Don’t limit yourself to traditional recipes when it comes to using Hatch green chili! Get creative and experiment with incorporating them into everyday cooking. Besides, add them to omelets, burgers, pizzas, or sweet dishes like chocolate chili brownies.

6.   Health Benefits of Hatch Green Chili

A. Nutritional value

Hatch green chilies are not only flavorful but also full of essential nutrients. Moreover, they are low in calories and fat while being high in fiber and vitamins. Also, they are a good source of minerals such as potassium and magnesium.

B. High vitamin C content and antioxidants

One of the notable health adcantages is the high vitamin C content. Vitamin C is an essential nutrient that:

  • Supports a healthy immune system
  • Promotes collagen production

Additionally, Hatch peppers contain antioxidants that help protect the body against free radicals.

C. Potential metabolism-boosting properties

In Addition, some studies suggest that the capsaicin found in Hatch green chilies may have metabolism-boosting properties. Capsaicin is known to increase thermogenesis, which can potentially help with weight management. However, more research is needed to fully understand the extent of these benefits.

7.   Availability and Seasonality of Hatch Green Chilies

A. Seasonal availability of fresh Hatch green chilies

Fresh Hatch green chilies are typically available from late summer through early fall. The harvest season, known as the “Hatch Chile Festival,” is a vibrant celebration of these chilies and attracts visitors from far and wide. During this time, you’ll find the freshest and highest-quality chilies straight from the fields.

B. Preservation methods for year-round use

To enjoy Hatch peppers year-round, you can preserve them by freezing or canning.

  • Freezing is a simple method that allows you to store the chilies for several months.
  • Canning, on the other hand, involves sealing the chilies in jars with a brine or sauce, extending their shelf life even further.

C. Frozen, canned, and processed options

If you’re unable to visit Hatch, New Mexico, or prefer the convenience of pre-prepared chilies, there are various options available. You can find frozen Hatch chilies in many grocery stores, as well as canned and processed products such as sauces and salsas. Also, while these may not offer the same freshness as the ones from Hatch, they still capture the unique flavor of the chilies.


Find the heart of New Mexico, through its iconic Hatch green chili!

More than just a crop, they’re a symbol of rich culinary heritage and community spirit. You can spice up your meals with these versatile chilies whether you prefer mild or hot. So, get ready to savor the essence of this vibrant culinary culture.

Where to Buy Hatch Green Chilies?

Satisfy your craving for authentic Hatch Green Chilies at Made in New Mexico! Our selection guarantees the genuine taste of Hatch, handpicked and delivered straight to you. Refine your dishes with these iconic chilies, celebrating the rich culinary heritage of New Mexico.