Do you also struggle with discolouration and dark spots on your skin? If yes, you may need to worry. Known as hyperpigmentation, this medical state is the result of excess melanin (a pigment that gives color to the skin.) It is usually caused by a variety of factors, from scarring and sun exposure to inflammatory illnesses and pregnancy. 

Are you still stuck with dark spots and want to remove them immediately? To let go of the discomfort among your friends and in public forever? You must get laser treatment for pigmentation. It is a reliable, long-term solution for your skin to make it spot-free. To give you more information on this topic, we have taken insights from Dr. Nivedita Dadu, a renowned skin specialist offering effective Pigmentation Removal in Delhi. To understand how laser treatment works permanently for pigmentation, we are back with a blog. So, let’s get started, but first, try to understand laser treatment.

What do you understand by Laser Treatment?

Laser treatment is a term that refers to a variety of dermatological treatments that use targeted beams of light applied directly to the skin. This treatment can be used to treat hyperpigmentation to mainly reduce the intensity of dark spots. It can be done with the help of different types of lasers available to treat different forms of conditions on various skin tones. 

Generally, in most cases, multiple sessions of laser treatment are required to get the desired results for the skin. Moreover, most of the patients describe the sensation of their session as similar to a rubber band snap: A little bit uncomfortable but not painful.

If you are wondering about the pigmentation types, don’t worry we have covered the thorough study on types of pigmentation too. Read on to know more. 

Type of Pigmentation and Its Causes 

The following are the different types of hyperpigmentation, and it includes: 

  • Melasma 

Melasma is a type of acquired hyperpigmentation. This condition is most common in young to middle-aged female and adult men too. This is also known as the mask of pregnancy as it is common during pregnancy. It is also common among dark skin tone people. This condition is typically characterized by brown macules that affect the areas near the eyes, cheek area, upper lip, nose, or forehead area. 

Factors like hormonal changes, genetic, and increased exposure to UV radiation can trigger melasma. Other risk factor that can cause melasma can include: 

    • Pregnancy-hormonal imbalance 
    • Phototoxic meditations 
    • Usage of harsh cosmetics
    • Thyroid disorder 
    • UV exposure 
    • Family history of melasma 
    • Hormone replacement therapy or oral contraceptives 
  • Freckles 

These are the type of small brown spots and can appear on your face or body. Though it is more common than you believe. Millions of people have freckles worldwide along with the tendency to develop other pigmentary disorders. Moreover, freckles can occur due to excess sun exposure. 

  • Liver Spots/Age Spots/Solar Lentigines 

Age spots are the common type of hyperpigmentation and mostly caused by sun damage with growing age. They generally appear on the face, hands and shoulders. These spots can vary in colour from brown to grey, can be very small or large, and can appear in groups of clusters. People with light skin tone are more prone to get age spots. 

  • Birthmarks 

These pigmentation marks present at birth are usually caused by clusters of pigmented cells. Sometimes, these birthmarks get difficult  to deal with. They can be present anywhere in the body, and mostly they change or decrease over time. 

  • Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)

This type of pigmentation is formed when the skin has been damaged or has undergone forms of trauma, infection or inflammation. As your skin heals itself leaving dark brown spots on the skin. 

After comprehending the pigmentation types, let’s know how the laser treatment works. 

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